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家庭在教育中的作用,搭配记忆法巧解英译汉

发布时间:2019-12-24 22:46编辑:优盈平台app下载浏览(154)

      大家从前说过,复习报考学士[微博]塞尔维亚语要强调真题,在回忆词汇和演练阅读驾驭、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配纪念,并辅以相应的练习,上边大家就以真题为例,从中挑选出轻松并发的考试的地方,让贰零壹伍的考生越来越深厚地精通“搭配记念”法。

    1 Good parenting

      【相关真题】

    Good schooling
    The parent-child relationship

      ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

    2 Build strong family relationships

      【高频考场】

    Build a sense of belonging
    Have meals as a family
    Share family chores
    Share ideas and feelings

      1.产生变化:experiencechanges

    Strengthen family bonds
    Family bonding activities

      2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

    Achieve a good work-family balance
    Help their children with homework

      3.XKF会对小伙作案率产生潜濡默化:XKFis thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

    Monitor their children's academic performance
    Are more involved in their children's education

      4.充实也许性:increasethe probability

    These parents believe that they are more involved in their children's education than their own parents were.

      5.直接的因果关系还不曾成立起来:adirect causal relationship has not yet been established

    Teach their children good manners
    Provide good role models for their children

      6.可鲜明的缘故:identifiablecauses

    3 Working parents

      7.作案的一言一动:offensiveacts

    It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

      8.某一件事爆发更为多:thegrowing incidence of something

    Have busy careers
    (Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision

      【翻译练习】

    Internet addiction
    Spend too much time online
    Weaken family bonds
    Feel disconnected from each other
    Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

      ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

    4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

      ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

    Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
    Stifle their creativity
    Damage their self-esteem

      布局提醒:than was common in the traditional familystructure呈现相比较的逻辑关系,相比较的双方是当今的儿女与人生观家庭的儿女。

    Spoil their children
    Permissive parents
    (Children) can behave as they please

      ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

    Are understanding and supportive
    Respect their feelings
    Support their choices
    Respect their individuality

      ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

    Western parents try to respect their children's individuality.

      构造提示:frustration or failure in school, theincreased availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语合营构成句子的宾语。

    Give them advice and support
    Encourage them to think independently
    Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
    Help them achieve their potential

      ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet been established。

    5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

      【参考译文】

    This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

      ①最近几年,家庭也时有产生了有的变动。

    Provide them with emotional support
    (Children) Seek advice from parents
    Damage their emotional health

      ②单亲家庭或然老人都要上班的家庭越多,这样一来,家庭对儿女的承保比古板家庭恐怕会少一些。

    6 Develop good moral values

      ③缺少父母监督被以为对青年发案的可能率有一定的熏陶。

    Teach children the difference between right and wrong
    Teach children about social responsibility

      ④其余能够找到的犯罪的行为的缘由不外乎在这个学院的波折和曲折、毒品和酒越来越轻易拿到、摧残孩子和马虎孩子的平地风波更是多。

    7 Good behavior

      ⑤具有那一个原则往往会扩展青少年阶下囚犯罪的大概性,固然它们中间直接的因果关系还从未明确。

    Follow school rules
    Develop self-control
    Well-behavior students
    Teach them good manners and etiquette

      “搭配记念法”对大家回忆单词、占领翻译题有不小的助手,但此外奇妙的方式都急需在悠久的勤学苦练中耳闻则诵,希望大家在随后的复习进程中,能遵照这种方法把真题吃透,同心协力,你会发觉效用实在不错!

    Break school rules
    Unacceptable behavior

      来源:文都教育

    8 Their peers

    Peer pressure
    Are in their formative years
    Often act on impulse

    Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their parents.

    Are influenced by peer pressure
    Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
    Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying, youth crime

    Feel lonely and isolated

    9 Behavior problems

    Unruly students
    Drop out of school

    Half of young adults who dropped out of school regretted their decision later.

    Are involved with gangs and crime

    Take responsibility for their own actions
    Have respect for their neighbors and communities

    10 Youth crime

    Lack self-control
    Do not think about the consequences of their actions
    Commit a crime

    Reduce/ prevent youth crime
    Become law-abiding citizens

    11 Prepare them well for adult life

    Increase their independence
    A responsible member of society
    A productive/ contributing member of society

    (Parents) raise their children to be responsible/ productive/ contributing members of society

    (School) prepare students to be...
    Produce well-rounded individuals

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